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  Yiddish is essentially a Germanic language written in Hebrew characters. Over time it acquired words and grammatical patterns from other tongues (these now form


What Yiddish was to Ashkenazi Jews, Ladino was to the Jews of medieval Spain and their descendants, the true Sephardim. Also known as Judesco, Judaeo-Spanish,

Introduction to Other Languages

Introduction to Jewish Languages Other Than English Originally, the language of the Jews was Hebrew, but it died out as the everyday language spoken by

History of the Hebrew Language

Hebrew is a very ancient language. Its evolution can be divided up into six distinctive periods. The Hebrew language underwent some changes during each of

Ayin (Hebrew Letter)

The letter AYIN ע represents the number seventy in the Hebrew alphabet and numerology. It is a symbol of perception and insight. The word AYIN

Zayin (Hebrew Letter)

The letter ZAYIN has a numerical value of seven, alluding to the seven days in which the world was created. As the number seven, ZAYIN


Each letter of the Hebrew alphabet is allocated a particular numerical value, depending on its position in the Hebrew alphabet. These days, Hebrew speakers use

Samech (Hebrew Letter)

The letter SAMECH equals the number sixty in Hebrew numerology. Its circular form is symbolic of the endless cycle of life. The letter SAMECH is

Vav (Hebrew Letter)

The letter VAV is equal to the number six and is the symbol of connection, portraying a bridge in structure. As the number six, the

Hebrew Printing

Printing revolutionised the world. It brought knowledge to the masses, increased literacy and spread information. This was also true of Hebrew printing and its effect

Nun (Hebrew Letter)

The letter NUN has a numerical value of fifty, and is the symbol of faithfulness. There are two forms of the letter NUN: the bent