“ The History of Jewish Education in NSW is the saga of dedicated men and women working unselfishly and at times with great vision to pass on to the young the heritage of which they were so justly proud and which they considered to be the right of those generations that were to follow them “
Maurice H. Kellerman, OBE, 1979
TIMELINE OF JEWISH EDUCATION IN NEW SOUTH WALES
|Prior to 1844||The first schoolmaster, Rev Moses Rintel, conducted the Sydney Jewish Academy.|
|1844 -1847||Jewish education was provided in family groups by private tutors.|
|1848||A Denominational School Board was established by the Government of NSW. Jewish schools including Zion House School were established.|
|1855||The first Jewish book published in Australia was Principles of Judaism by Rev M. R. Cohen, produced for the students of Zion House School.|
|1863||The Sydney Jewish Sabbath School was established by Rev Alexander B. Davis with 14 pupils. Enrolments increased in the first year to 81, with an average weekly attendance of 45 students.|
|1866||The Public Schools Act was passed and the Denominational School Board dissolved.|
|1868||The Sydney Hebrew School in Pitt Street was certified as a “Denominational School” under the 1866 Act. This was New South Wales’ first successful day school; its initial enrollment was 99 students and its first headmaster was Rev. A. Levi.|
|1880||State Aid to denominational schools ceased with the introduction of the Public Instruction Act.|
|1882||The day school closed and the Sydney Jewish Education Board was established to conduct classes under the Right of Entry system. Rev A. B. Davis was President, and the first classes were held at Fort Street, Crown Street and William Street Public Schools.|
|1884||Louis Pulver, “a heaven-born instructor of youth”, was appointed Headmaster of the Sydney Jewish Education Board and the Sydney Jewish Sabbath School. He instituted weekday afternoon classes to supplement the Right of Entry classes, regularised the curriculum and prepared texts to suit his pupils’ needs. These included “First Bible Stories for Little People”, “A Hebrew and English Vocabulary of 650 Words” and “Elementary Exercises in Hebrew Grammar”.|
|1897||Death of Louis Pulver and appointment of M. A. Cohen BA as Headmaster.|
|1905||Rabbi Francis Lyon Cohen appointed Chief Minister of the Great Synagogue and President of the Sydney Jewish Education Board.|
|1909||On 4 February, 1909 a general meeting of the members and subscribers of the Sydney Jewish Sabbath School resolved, “that as from 1st Adar 5669, the 22nd February, 1909 this Institution, the Sydney Jewish Sabbath School, be amalgamated with the Sydney Jewish Education Board to form a New South Wales Board of Jewish Education”. Its President was Rabbi Francis L. Cohen and Headmaster M. A. Cohen.|
|1924||Abraham Rothfield, MC and Bar, BA was appointed Headmaster. “He had a way with him of making his pupils love him, winning his way into their hearts by a kind smile, a fund of stories and a gentle manner.”|
|1927||The Women’s Auxiliary, formed under the chairmanship of Mrs F. L. Cohen, organised fundraising, social activities and adult educational programs. The Auxiliary was re-organised in 1952 with Mrs Bertha Porush as President.|
|1940||Rabbi Dr Israel Porush appointed Chief Minister of the Great Synagogue and Hon. Director of Education of the Board.|
|1945||Rev Caesar Stanton (Steinhof) appointed Headmaster, holding office with Abraham Rothfield.|
|1950||Miss Naomi Goldsmith appointed General Secretary, a position she held until her death in 1980. “She was a woman of quality – a true lady, marked by her sense of dignity, of beauty, of loyalty, of fair-mindedness and of Judaism.”|
|1950s||The rise of the Jewish day school movement in NSW.|
|1954||Hillel College Kindergarten established with Mrs Ruth Scheinwald (Yorke) as its first Director.|
|1957||Rabbi T. Rafalowicz, MA, appointed first full-time Director of Education.|
|1967||The Jewish Communal Appeal established. The Board has benefited greatly from JCA funding.|
|1970||Lionel Link, MA Dip Ed MACE, appointed Director of Education. His highest priority was the training of teachers.|
|1976||Rabbi Raymond Apple AM RFD BA LLB MLitt appointed Hon. Director of Education.|
|1979||Harold Nagley BA (Hons) Dip Ed MA (Syd) MIL MACE, former Principal of Moriah College, was appointed Director of Education. He brought to the Board a lifetime of familiarity with best practice in Jewish education.|
|1987||Max Wahlhaus, BA Dip Ed, appointed Director of Education. During his term of office and under the presidency of Bernard Levy, the Board introduced Hebrew elective classes into public schools in 1989 with 14 students enrolled.|
|1997||Lilly Maltz, BA Dip Ed, appointed Principal. Development of BJE as a centre for professional development of educators of Judaism and related subjects.|
|1998||“Turning of the Soil” for new BJE centre. Rabbi David Rogut presided.|
|1999||Official opening of the NSW Board of Jewish Education, BJE Jewish Education and Resource Centre at 56 Roscoe Street, Bondi Beach by the Ambassador of Israel, Mr Shmuel Moyal.|
|1999||First Discover Israel (now known as Emet Israel) Programme for state high school students.|
|2000||BJE operates JSN program in high schools.|
|2002||Launch of BJE website, www.bje.org.au.|
|2004||Implementation of NETA high school Hebrew curriculum.|
|2005||Living in Harmony grant for interfaith program (Studies of Religion).|
|2006||Introduction of Children’s Jewish Book Week.|
|2007||Implementation of the early childhood Hebrew program Chalav uD’vash.|
Commencement of the Year 10 Discover Israel (now known as Emet Israel) Programme in conjunction with the Alexander Muss Institute.
|2008||Rachele Schonberger B Ed, M Ed, Cert IV appointed Principal and Co/CEO with Robert Greenfield B.Comm. CA. CPA FAICD.|
Introduction of the Discover Israel Years K-10 Integrated Curriculum, funded by the L A Pincas Fund.
|2009||BJE centenary year.|
Launch of revised curricula for SRE (‘Scripture’)(now known as ‘Emet’) and JSN (now known as ‘Emet High School’).
|2010||Re-launch of the BJE website, www.bje.org.au. Restructure of JSN (now Emet High School) program and launch of its Facebook page Kangajew.|
|2011||Completion of the revised Emet (‘Scripture’) curriculum.|
|2012||Introduction of the high school Ulpan Or curriculum.|
Launch of ‘Emet’ programs.
|2015||Partnership of BJE and Y2i to enable all year 10 students to access the Emet Israel Program.|
|2015||Completion of the Emet High School curricula.|
|2016||Relaunch of the BJE website.|
|2016||Launch of the Breakout Retreat camp for year 6 students across NSW.|
BUILDING ON THE PAST TO SECURE THE FUTURE
From 1909 until 1960 the NSW Board of Jewish Education housed its administrative headquarters in other communal institutions including the Great Synagogue and the Maccabean Hall.
By 1954 the Board had acquired property at 134 Old South Head Road, Bellevue Hill and established there the Hillel College Kindergarten, followed in 1958 by the Hillel Talmud Torah. In 1959 it moved its administration to the same site. The King David School (now part of Moriah College) was also housed for some years in the Hillel Talmud Torah.
In 1970 the Board resolved that the name ‘Rabbi Porush Kindergarten’ be affixed to the front of the kindergarten building in recognition of Rabbi Dr Israel Porush’s many decades of devoted service to Jewish education.
Apart from its activities in the service of school-aged children, youth and adults, the Board also operated the Yolanda Kramer Kindergarten at Strathfield and the Cohn Maroubra Community Kindergarten at Maroubra. In 1984 the Bondi Beach Pre-School was opened at 56 Roscoe Street, Bondi Beach.
In 1997 the Council, under the presidency of Jack Fisher, decided to completely rebuild the premises at Roscoe Street to house the new Academy BJE Jewish Education and Resource Centre. Today the Centre is a dynamic hub of activity which services the administrative, educational and communal needs of BJE.